BLUE CHRISTMAS

Minggu, 26 April 2009

Executive Action Learning Objectives

Executive Action Learning Objectives


•Action Session Focus–Identify and address the challenges and opportunities of emerging Telecom infrastructure technologies, services and markets•Action Learning Team:–A cross-functional team of senior (strategy) and middle (engineering and operations) managers–A basic knowledge of telecom terminology is required, however, Iwill explain each new term as needed.•Action Learning Team Goals–Demystify next generation telecom technologies–Bridge the knowledge and communication gap between senior management, engineering and operation teams–Provide big picture of the next generation telecom architecture (how all these technologies fit together)–Identify how the new technologies will impact Telecom service strategy, operations and management–Facilitate collaboration between teams and work together to draft an integrated enterprise-wide action plan

Agenda Agenda
1.Wireless Technology Roadmap•CDPD/GPRS/EDGE/UMTS2.Transport Technology Roadmap•TDM/SONET/DWDM3.IP Technology Roadmap: •Data, Voice & Video over IP: VoIP/SS7oIP /QoS /MPLS4.IT Applications Technology Roadmap: •SMS/Multimedia/M-Commerce5.What Does This Mean For Telecom Companies•Services Strategy and Operations6.Q&A

Wireless Technology Roadmap Wireless Technology Roadmap
CDPD/GPRS/EDGE/UMTS

Wireless Service Providers (WSP) Roadmap2000 20032005 2010Wave I:Voice Access & CoverageBusiness Model:Voice MinutesKey Technologies:Voice TDMA & SMSNSM Model:Vendor Fault/Availability SoftwareTechnologyImpactOnBusinessStructureLowHighWave II: (Voice + Data)Business Model:Voice Minutes & Data ServiceKey Technologies:Voice GSM, Data GPRS, Internet Access/WAP, M-commerceNSM Model:ISO FCAPS, MoM & Event CorrelationWave III:Broadband Wireless (Voice + Data + Video) Business Model:Multimedia connectivity and Infotainment servicesKey Technologies:UMTS, XoIP, XMLContentMgmt ,SONET, MPLS, IPV6NSM Model:TMF-FAB –Service Vs Box, SLM (E2E QoS)Wave IV:Reshaping Business ModelsBusiness Model:Compete or M&A with ISPs, ASP,Key Technologies:More or less same as Wave III NSM Model:Fully Integrated OSS, Auto Provisioning (e-Telco)What Are Telco Businesses Drivers, Technology Enablers, NSM Model?

Evolution of Wireless Technology Evolution of Wireless Technology
Broadband Wireless80s-90’s1997200220042004/5+􀂃Analog voice􀂃Limited data capabilities􀂃Typically used frequency division multiple access (FDMA)􀂃TDMA (with CDPD overlay), CDMA, GSM standards􀂃Digital voice service􀂃9.6 -14.4 kbps circuit switched data􀂃Enable SMS, Basic Web/ Email Access 􀂃Enhanced digital calling features and services (VM, Caller ID)􀂃Data rates up to 115 kbps (mobile -GPRS)􀂃Int’l GSM standard in USA􀂃Faster Web Access􀂃Mobile EDGE Data rates up to 384 kbps (pedestrian or fixed), 144 kbps (mobile)􀂃Better Office App Connectivity􀂃Data Content Svcs(ASP)􀂃Data rates up to 2 Mbps (fixed), 384 kbps (pedestrian), 144 kbps (mobile)􀂃Enable convergence (XoIP) Broadband data services enabled (voice, video, multimedia, etc.)􀂃Data-Centric Revenue while Voice becomes a commodityGSM= Global System for Mobile CommunicationGPRS= General Packet Radio ServiceEDGE= Enhanced Data Rate for GSM EvolutionUMTS= Universal Mobile Telephone System

Wireless Data Technology Comparison Wireless Data Technology Comparison
Peak Network SpeedEDGEUMTS1xRTTHDR470 kbps2 mbps153 kbps2 mbps10-20 kbpsUp to 384 kbps30-40 kbps50-100 kbpsGPRSPeak Device SpeedAverage PC Browser Speed(loaded network)Average Streaming Media Speed(loaded network)118 kbps2 mbps153 kbps2 mbps~80 kbps~250 kbps~40 kbps~120 kbps115 kbps10-20 kbps27 kbps~20 kbpsTechnologyWhat to Expect With UMTS?•Wireless becomes an attractive alterative to Wireline ISPs (like dialup, DSL).•New bandwidth leads to explosion of wireless content services (e.g., voice/video/data apps).•New & upgraded network elements, data servers, Apps, content partners, SLAs, NSM metrics, etc.•More customer care calls, TT, NSM events.

Transport Technology Roadmap Transport Technology Roadmap
TDM/SONET/DWDM

Next Generation Transport Next Generation Transport - After SONET After SONET
TDM/SONET TDM/SONET – DPT/DWDM DPT/DWDM
ProvisionedConnectionsProtectionSONETSONETADMADMSONETSONETADMADMSONETSONETADMADMWorkingSONETSONETADMADMSONET/SDHRingCisco 12000/JuniperDPTRing(Over Dark Fiber)Working Working DPT = Dynamic Packet Transport•This next generation solution uses bothfibers concurrently to maximizeinstalled bandwidth. •The DPT ring, which can be provisioned over dark fiber, DWDM or SONET/SDH, consists of two counter-rotating fibers. Data packets are sent in one direction, while the corresponding control packet is sent in the opposite direction on the other fiber. Phase 1: Backbone Change from Redundant DS3 to SONET RingsPhase 2: Backbone Change from SONET to DPT & DWDM

IP Technology Roadmap IP Technology Roadmap
Data, Voice & Video over IP: VoIP/SS7oIP /QoS /MPLS

Next Generation IP Communication Architecture Next Generation IP Communication Architecture
Courtesy Cisco Systems, Interop.Providing •Consumers = XoIP, Internet Access, Infotainment, M-Commerce, etc.•Business Clients = Same + VPN extranet/Intranet/ISP/ASP, B2B markets

Next Generation MultiNext Generation Multi--service Networkservice NetworkIP Network: An Architecture for Integrated Voice, Video and DataIP Network: An Architecture for Integrated Voice, Video and DataUnifiedUnifiedMessagingMessagingMulti-Media CollaborationServerIntelligentContact MgrCall Admission, Call ControlCall ProcessingDirectoryCall ManagerIP GatewayRouterSwitchTransportIntelligentNetwork Services Clients/AccessPCVideoIP PhoneSIP/H323FR/ATM/SONETWirelessApplicationsTAPI, JTAPI, Layer 4Layer 3Layer 2Layer 1Courtesy Cisco Systems

Voice over IP (VoIP) Voice over IP (VoIP) - How does it work? How does it work?
Five Enabling Technology Innovations:1.Codecs: Digitize Voice (Analog/Digital Conversion)2. Digital Signal Processing (DSP) for Voice Compression–From G.711 PCM (64Kps) toG.729 CS-ACELP—(8Kbps)–G.165 echo cancellation3. IP Encapsulation done by (Media Gateway)4. IP QoS: Real Time Protocol (RTP) Voice vs. Data Delay, DiffServ, RSVP ( resource reservation protocols)5. IP signaling & routing (H.323 & SIP Session Initiation Protocol) like SS7 (call setup, teardown)Bandwidth(Kbps)QualityUnacceptableBusinessQualityTollQuality8163224640*PCM64*ADPCM 32 (G.723)*ADPCM 24 (G.725)*ADPCM 16 (G.726)*LDCELP 16 (G.728)*CS-ACELP 8 (G.729)*LPC 4.8(Cellular)Bandwidth Requirements: Voice compression StandardsSIPTELNETSMTPDNSTFTPVOICETCPUDPN23255369x617IP

The Need for IP Signaling Protocol The Need for IP Signaling Protocol
(Call setup and teardown, etc.) (Call setup and teardown, etc.)
•Just like Signaling System 7(SS7) in the circuit-switched world, there is a call control or call processing technique in packet switching that maps telephone numbers or user names to IP source/destination addresses. •Call control is implemented by call-control software running on servers (a.k.a. gatekeepers). •The first call control protocol for VoIP was H.323( adopted by ITU). H323 provides multimedia communication for voice video & data, and isimplemented by applications like Microsoft NetMeeting.•H323 was followed by the IETF Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)based on HTTP, which deliver faster call-establishment times and integration with Internet multimedia applications.•Most recently, Telcordia(formerly Bellcore), Level 3, and Cisco Systems announced the Media Gateway Control Protocol (MGCP) that addresses the control of media gateways.•The ITU and the IETF have joined forces to produce a new standard. This new standard is known as Megacowithin IETF and H.248within ITU.

Wireless VoIP Network ArchitectureWireless VoIP Network ArchitectureOM&PIP NetworkMedia GatewaySS7PSTNPSTNMobile SwitchMobile SwitchTDMTDMTDMTDMIPIPIPMedia GatewayIP Gateways•Packetizesvoice and telephone signaling•Applies audio compression•Provides connection control•Tags voice packets using DiffServor CoSmechanisms1IP Routers•Forward IP Packet•Provides prioritization of IP voice traffic•Manages bandwidth consumption23IP Voice Routing EngineLocation DB for routing of IP voice calls Gatekeeper/Signalling G/Wprovides signaling for IP telephony networks & connectivity to the SS7 world4Courtesy Lucent Technologies

Wireless Service Provider VoIP DesignWireless Service Provider VoIP DesignMGASN(Circuit Switched)MGRadiotowerMSCiILEC(CircuitSwitched)RadiotowerMSCeILEC(CircuitSwitched)R/ESS7 NetworkLNPHLRLabel EdgeRouterLabel EdgeRouterLabel EdgeRouterNetwork Operated by theVoIP Service ProviderRTP/UDP/IP(DiffServ)/SONETRTP/UDP/IP(DiffServ)/SONET(G.711/?))/DS0,ISUP Signaled( G.711/?)/DS0,ISUP Signaledcoded-voice/DTC,IS-136ControlCoded-Voice/DTC,IS-136ControlMSMSG.711/DS0,ISUP SignaledG.711/DS0,ISUP SignaledG.711/DS0,ISUP SignaledG.711/DS0,ISUP Signaledmultiplecoded-voice/DS0,BS-MSCControl LinkWSP Network Evolution: PSTN & VoIP ArchitectureManaged IP TransportNetworkILEC(CircuitSwitched)Direct Access toILEC/CLEC fromTelecom Core MGs,using Telecom's ISPdesignationMGCP/Megaco/H.323MGCP/Megaco/H.323multiplecoded-voice/DS0,BS-MSCControl LinkS/GMG = Media GatewaySG = Signaling GatewayRE = Routing EngineISUP = ISDN user part standard used for Trunk (SW to SW Signling)IS 41 = Interim Standard 41 = used in TDMA for wireless signaling messages (Call routing, ringing, busy signal , etc.)IS –136 = same as IS 41 for GSM

SS7oIP SS7oIP – An Intermediate Phase An Intermediate Phase
MSC SiteMSC SiteRedundant TDM NetworkHLRVLRSCPSTPSTPSMSCMSCRedundant IP NetworkACMSC SiteMSC SiteHLRVLRSCPITPITPITPITPSMSCMSCSTPSTPExample: STP/TDM Offloadvia IP Transfer Point (ITP)SS7oIP

Phased Migration Phased Migration
TraditionalMSCSMSCSS7SS7SS7SS7STPSTPSS7SS7Intermediate PhaseMSCSMSCITPITPSS7SS7SS7SS7IPIPFinal PhaseIP -MSCIPSMSCIP IP IP IP IPIP

Multi-protocol Label Switching (MPLS)Concept, Architecture, Applications
www.iim-edu.org International Institute of Management
What is MPLS? What is MPLS?
•MPLS Technology simply appends a tag/label/new field into a frame or a packet•These label extensions allow the insertion of additional information thus enabling more intelligence & new functionality that can be used to provide better forwarding decisions and new IP services•For example, MPLS labels allows the Switch or Router to perform additional services (beside forwarding) like Qos, L2 VPN & Traffic Engineering (RSVP)•The MPLS forwarding algorithm provides simpler and faster Network Forward Processing than the traditional IP Forwarding Algorithm (i.e., faster networks)•It is possible to implement tag switching over virtually any media type including LL, PPP, Ethernet ATM, FR, HDLC, optical, etc.TE LabelIGP LabelVPN LabelInner LabelOuter LabelIP Packet HeaderProvider ProvisionedVPNsMPLSTraffic EngineeringRSVPIP+ATMIntegrationNetwork InfrastructureIP+OpticalMPLSIntegrationAny Transport Over MPLS

Tag /MPLS Concept Tag /MPLS Concept
At Edge:-Classify packets-Tag themIn Core:-forward using tags as opposed to IP addresses12•Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) distributes labels in a MPLS network •Core can be ATM switches using MPLS tags rather than IP routers •MPLS creates new IP capabilities via flexible classification

MPLS Based TransportArchitectureMPLS simplify your network architecture & operations Phase 1Phase 2FiberDWDMSONETATMIPFiberSONET &/or DWDMMPLSIPLess number of layers, equipment and OSS tools

Example: WSP Provisioned MPLS Based Services (VPN)Example: WSP Provisioned MPLS Based Services (VPN)Example: WSP Provisioned MPLS Based Services (VPN)WSP MPLSNetworkWSP MPLSNetworkMPLS VPN CitibankMPLS VPN CitibankMPLS VPN Bank of AmericaMPLS VPN Bank of AmericaVPN ASite 2VPN ASite 3Corp ASite 1Corp BSite 2Corp BSite 1Corp BSite 3•Scalable VPNs providing security•IP QoS and traffic engineering•One mechanism (labels) for QoS and VPNs -no tradeoffs

IT Applications Technology Roadmap IT Applications Technology Roadmap
SMS/Multimedia/M-Commerce

Next Generation Telco Services Next Generation Telco Services
Telecom PortalCommunications•VoIP Apps•Unified Messaging•Instant MessagingContent•News, weather, sports, finance, etc.•MultimediaCommerce•e-transactions•Wallet•POS device•ComparisonsPersonal Info Manager (PIM)•Calendar•Address book•Sync•Network storageEntertainment•MP3•Gaming•A/V streaming•e-booksCare•Online billing•Provisioning•Guides•Diagnostic tools 3G Wireless NetworkWired NetworkPortal provides entry point or access to different wirelessapplications and servicesPortal is Personal and Relevant•Customizable by user•Location / presence•Customer profile dataWSP Biz ModelFrom Voice/SMS SP ($) 􀃆Multimedia/E-Biz SP ($$$)From Network SP ($) 􀃆Content ($$$) SP (M&A)Telecom branded Portal/MMS experienceTelecom owned customer dataInfotainment

Each service demands a specific throughput, which Each service demands a specific throughput, which
dictates certain demands on the network. dictates certain demands on the network.
0 816324864128…..265 …..2000 kbit/sVideo & AudioStreamingMessaging, TransactionalInfoservicesWWW Page browsingIntranet accessPage DownloadingVoiceVideo TelephonyDelayToleranceLHThere four basic service definition classes in UMTS •Conversational–Voice–Video conferencing•Streaming–Streaming video•Interactive–Web browsing•Background–Download of emailData rate of 128 kbit/sis sufficient for most consumer applications.UMTS services can handle up to 2Mbps

A New Service Metric A New Service Metric From Availability to E2E QoSFrom Availability to E2E QoSService Service
DefinitionsMarketSegmentsNetworkOffers
Definitions
ProductsYBAXSegment1Segment2# of edge& corenodesBackbonebandwidth$DelayThroughputPriorityBit Error RateAvailability1. Do you measure Qosfor each type of traffic? •Performance Monitoring Tools, SLAs2. What are the benefits to the business in defining service definitions?•Helps WSP focus on areas to improve engineering and capital efficiencies•Ensures that the network can in fact deliver what you are selling

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